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APA Style (7th ed)


NOTE: This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (7th ed), which released in October 2019. If you require the previous version, please see APA Style (6th ed)

The Basics

The date refers to the date the document was published:

  • The date always comes second in both the in-text citation and reference list entry.
  • Most citations only require the year of publication except for newspaper and magazine articles and social media posts.
  • If no date can be located, insert n.d.



In-text Citation

Reference List


ex. books, journal articles, webpages, reports

(Author, 2017, p. page)

Author, A. A. (2017). Title. URL

Daily/Weekly publications

ex. Newspapers, Magazines & Social Media

(Author, 2017, p. page)

Author, A. A. (2017, June 4). Title. URL

Monthly publications

ex. Magazines

(Author, 2017, p. page)

Author, A. A. (2017, June). Title. URL

(Author, 2017, p. page)

Author, A. A. (2017, Spring). Title. URL

Multiple entries with same author & year

Add a letter (a, b, c, etc), in alphabetical order in the reference list, to indicate different sources

(Author, 2017a, p. page)

Author, A. A. (2017a). Title. URL

Author, A. A. (2017b). Title. URL

No date

(Author, n.d., p. page)

Author, A. A. (n.d.). Title. URL

See Sections 9.7 to 9.37 of the Publication Manual.

Your professor may have different citing expectations than library staff. Always check at the beginning of term and before starting assignments that the citing rules you are using are appropriate for your class.