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APA Style (6th ed)

In-Text Citations

NOTE: This page reflects the old version of the APA Publication Manual (6th ed). If you require the current version, please see APA Style (7th ed)

The Basics

In-text citations provide a brief reference within the body of a research paper to the source of information being discussed. They include the author(s) last name, date of publication, as well as the page number or paragraph number from where the quote or paraphrase was taken. Authors and dates should match the entry in the References List.


Parenthetical Style

Among journalists, plagiarism has become a well known issue.  In fact, to a certain extent, “Every journalist lives in fear of inadvertent plagiarism (only idiots do it deliberately)” (Renzetti, 2010, para. 8).

Direct Style

Renzetti (2010) attributes the rise in inadvertent plagiarism to a number of key developments. First, she claims that the widespread availability of technology has created a “mash-up generation” that assumes everything is free game (para. 3). In addition, she states that …

See the Publication Manual: Chapter 6: Crediting Sources