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APA Style (6th ed)

Page Numbers

NOTE: This page reflects the old version of the APA Publication Manual (6th ed). If you require the current version, please see APA Style (7th ed)

The Basics

The page number refers to the page number(s) where you found the citation within the work you are citing. Page numbers are required for in-text citations when quoting, and recommended when paraphrasing:

  • For in-text citations, the page number always appears in brackets at the end of the sentence where you used the citation.
  • If the source has no page number, use the paragraph number or section heading instead.

Page numbers also appear in reference entries for book chapters, journal, magazine, and newspaper articles, if available.

  • In the reference list entry, the page numbers indicate the start and end page of the entire article.
  • If the document doesn't have a page number, omit the page range from the reference list entry.



In-text Citation

Page Number

(Author, Year, p. 25)

Multiple pages

(Author, Year, pp. 11-12)

(Author, Year, pp. 13, 24, 80)

Paragraph Number

(Author, Year, para. 8)

Section Heading

Use quotation marks only if shortening the title of the section heading

(Author, Year, Introduction section, para. 3)

(Author, Year, "History of Social Work", para. 5)

Your professor may have different citing expectations than library staff. Always check at the beginning of term and before starting assignments that the citing rules you are using are appropriate for your class.