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APA Style (6th ed)


NOTE: This page reflects the old version of the APA Publication Manual (6th ed). If you require the current version, please see APA Style (7th ed)

The Basics

The URL, or Uniform Resource Locator is the hyperlink or web address of the work you are citing:

  • The URL always comes at the end of the reference list entry.
  • The URL is always preceded by 'Retrieved from'.
  • Journal articles may have a doi, or digital object identifier.
  • For journal articles with a doi, the doi is used instead of the URL statement (unless your instructor prefers the URL).



Reference List


Author, A. A. (Year). Title. Retrieved from


Author, A. A. (Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume(issue), page-page. doi:10.4314/tjpr.v17i6.30

See the Publication Manual: 6.31 Electronic Sources and Locator Information

Your professor may have different citing expectations than library staff. Always check at the beginning of term and before starting assignments that the citing rules you are using are appropriate for your class.