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Over 130 learning resources including quick guides, tutorials, self-quizzes, sample papers and sample references to guide instructors and students on references, grammar, paper formatting, research, APA basics and avoiding plagiarism.
Creating your reference list
Learn about the four elements of an APA Style reference: the author, date, title, and source.
Learn how to cite references in the text, including how to implement the basic in-text citation formats, cite multiple works, achieve clarity, and format in-text citations with missing author and/or date information.
Citing Personal Communications (interview, phone call, etc.)
Learn how to cite personal communications, including emails, classroom lectures, personal interviews, text messages, letters, and telephone conversations, as well as how to cite or discuss other types of interviews, such as recoverable interviews or research participant interviews that serve as a data source for your study.