Citing your sources is an important academic and professional skill. Whenever you quote, paraphrase, summarize, or copy content from someone else, you must cite your sources. By including citations, you:
Respect the author or creator whose ideas/concepts you are using
Show where you found your information, and prove you used credible sources
Add credibility and support to your own argument
This guide offers a variety of examples for the types of sources commonly used in academic assignments. Examples are based on our interpretation of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition. Capitalization and punctuation are important! Follow examples carefully.
Your professor may have different citing expectations than the rules outlined in this guide. Always check at the beginning of term and before starting assignments that the citing rules you are using are appropriate for your class.
Tutoring and library staff can answer questions about citing your sources, and can help clarify citation rules. Our role is to help students learn how to cite. Students are responsible for proofreading their own citations.