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Environmental Studies: Associations & Websites

Associations and Societies


Government Websites

Evaluating Websites Using the C.R.A.A.P. Test


  • How current is the information? Is the information current enough for YOUR topic?
  • When was the page created, or last updated?
  • Is there a copyright date on the page?


  • Is the information relevant to your topic?
  • Who is the target audience for this website. Children? Consumers? Students? Scientists?


  • Who created the site or the page? Is it an individual, a corporation, an organization or association?
  • What does the website domain tell you? (e.g. .com, .org, .edu, .gov)
  • What do you know about the creator of the website? Are they credible and reputable?
  • Are there ads on the site? If so, do the ads relate at all to the content of the website?


  • Are sources or references given to support the information or evidence provided?
  • Are there spelling or grammar errors?
  • What information is provided about the author and his or her credentials, experience or education?
  • Can you find similar or the same information in other credible sources?


  • Is the information provided factual only, or is it opinion or biased?
  • Is the website trying to sell you something, or persuade you to a particular point of view?

The Ecojustice Blog

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