Students may not self-advocate effectively for many reasons. For example, they may:
be unable to clearly describe their abilities, needs and the conditions that best promote their learning due to language barriers, poor social skills, a lack of practice or a lack of knowledge of themselves as learners
not know who to contact to get help, what to ask for, or how to best use supports
not have been directly taught appropriate self-advocacy skills and/or do not have someone to coach them through situations where they might need to self-advocate
have limited confidence in their abilities and as a result, they may be reluctant to ask questions in class or request extra assistance
be passive in their approach to their education, feeling that their future is beyond their control—this includes relying on their parents and teachers to advocate for them
be discouraged because they have encountered people who do not understand the level of ability required in Knowledge and Employability courses.