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Business Communications COMM10000D: APA Tutorials

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Creating your reference list

Reference Elements

Learn about the four elements of an APA Style reference: the author, date, title, and source.

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© 2020 American Psychological Association.

Citing your sources in text

Citing References in Text

Learn how to cite references in the text, including how to implement the basic in-text citation formats, cite multiple works, achieve clarity, and format in-text citations with missing author and/or date information.

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© 2020 American Psychological Association.

Avoiding Plagiarism with In-Text Citations

How to Avoid Plagiarism and Self-Plagiarism

Learn how to avoid plagiarism and self-plagiarism, including how to identify plagiarism, understand its risks and consequences, cite sources properly, and develop sound writing practices.

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© 2020 American Psychological Association.

Citing Personal Communications (interview, phone call, etc.)

Personal Communications

Learn how to cite personal communications, including emails, classroom lectures, personal interviews, text messages, letters, and telephone conversations, as well as how to cite or discuss other types of interviews, such as recoverable interviews or research participant interviews that serve as a data source for your study.

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© 2020 American Psychological Association.

Direct quotations & paraphrasing

Direct Quotations and Paraphrases

Learn how to cite and format direct quotations, including short quotations and block quotations; make and indicate changes to quotations; and cite paraphrased material.

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© 2020 American Psychological Association.