Governed by the Canadian Copyright Act, fair dealing allows people to copy and use copyright-protected materials without permission nor payment under two requirements:
A use does not need to satisfy every one of these factors in order to be fair, and no one factor is determinative by itself. For example, if a use may negatively impact the commercial value of a work, it does not automatically mean the use is not fair dealing since other factors need to be considered. Courts generally look at the factors as a whole to determine if, on balance, a use is fair dealing.
The following information is based on guidelines created by Colleges and Institutes Canada (CICan) to help faculty apply fair dealing in their day-to-day teaching activities. Please note that these guidelines generally apply to print sources. For a licensed online material (e.g., from a library database), the safest bet is to link to it since the licence may not permit distribution of downloaded content.
If what you need to copy exceeds the fair dealing guidelines, please contact Sam Cheng, Open Education and Copyright Librarian (firstname.lastname@example.org), for assistance on a complete fair dealing evaluation or on requesting permission.