Researchers and other writers have used many terms for Indigenous peoples throughout the years, depending on the context, discipline, and trends at the time. When searching, you may need to try multiple keywords to find sources. For example, try ("First Nations" OR Indigenous OR Native) to expand your search results.
- First Nations, Inuit, Metis
Separate, distinct Indigenous groups within Canada
- Indigenous, Aboriginal
Can refer to all or specific Indigenous groups globally
- Native Peoples, Native Canadians
Popularly used during the late 20th century
You may also find that Indigenous peoples have often been identified by anglicized names for specific nations or bands (ex. Iroquois, Huron), or linguistic or cultural groups (ex. Prairie or Woodlands). Nowadays, respectful researchers identify Indigenous peoples by the names they call themselves (ex. Anishinaabe, Haudenosaunee).
To learn more about selecting keywords, choosing a topic, and more, go to Planning your Research.