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APA Style (7th ed)

Author

NOTE: This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (7th ed), which released in October 2019. If you require the previous version, please see APA Style (6th ed)

The Basics

The author includes the person, persons, or organization (group) responsible for the work you are citing:

  • The author always comes first in both the in-text citation and reference list entry.
  • For personal authors, be sure to list names in the order given in the original source. 
  • If no author, move the title of the work to the author section, in front of the date.

Examples

 

In-text citation

Reference List

Personal Author

For in-text citations, use the family name only;
For references, use the family name, plus up to 2 given names (initials only)

(Smith, Year, p. page)

Smith, K. E. (Year). Title. URL

Multiple Personal Authors

For in-text citations with 3 or more authors, list the first author followed by et al. (note use of [et al.] ;
For references, include up to 20 authors.
(Smith & Clarke, Year, p. page) Smith, K. E., & Clarke, A. (Year). Title. URL
(Smith et al., Year, p. page) Smith, K. E., Clarke, A., & Jones, T. P. (Year). Title. URL
Editor(s) (Smith et al., Year, p. page) Smith, K. E., Clarke, A., & Jones, T. P. (Eds.). (Year). Title. URL

Personal author(s), with unique roles

(Smith et al., Year, p. page)

Smith, K. E. (Director), Clarke, A. (Producer), & Jones, T. P. (Illustrator). (Year). Title. URL

Group Author

For Group Authors who commonly use an acronym, include the full name with the acronym in square brackets [ ] for the first in-text citation, then use only the acronym consistently in subsequent citations

(Sheridan College, Year, p. page)

Sheridan College. (Year). Title. URL

(American Psychological Association [APA], Year, p. page)

(APA, Year, p. page)

American Psychological Association. (Year). Title. URL

Username, user id

If the personal name is known, provide the username/id in square brackets [ ] after the personal name, in the reference list only.

(Smith, Year, p. page)

Smith, K. E. [Not_a_geek]. (Year, Month Day). Post text [Social Media Site]. URL

(Not_a_geek, Year, p. page)

Not_a_geek. (Year, Month Day). Post text [Social Media Site]. URL

Works Cited in another Source

Sheridan College claims this "quote" (as cited in Smith, Year, p. page).

Smith, K. E. (Year). Title. URL

No Author

For in-text citations, titles of books and reports are italicized, and titles of articles and other documents are put in quotation marks

(Finding Our Way at Sheridan College, Year, p. page)

Finding our way at Sheridan College. (Year). URL

("Finding Our Way at Sheridan College," Year, p. page)

Finding our way at Sheridan College. (Year). Title of publication, volume(issue), page-page. URL

See Sections 9.7 to 9.37 of the Publication Manual.

Your professor may have different citing expectations than library staff. Always check at the beginning of term and before starting assignments that the citing rules you are using are appropriate for your class.