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APA Style (7th ed)


NOTE: This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (7th ed), which released in October 2019. If you require the previous version, please see APA Style (6th ed)

The Basics

The URL, or Uniform Resource Locator is the hyperlink or web address of the work you are citing:

  • The URL always comes at the end of the reference list entry. Use if there is no doi.
  • Journal articles may provide a digital object identifier (doi) on the first page of the article or in the article details.
  • For journal articles with a doi, format the doi as a hyperlink by adding



Reference List


Author, A. A. (Year). Title.


Author, A. A. (Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume(issue), page-page.

See Sections 9.34 to 9.36 of the Publication Manual.

Your professor may have different citing expectations than library staff. Always check at the beginning of term and before starting assignments that the citing rules you are using are appropriate for your class.